Modernization has become an integral part of society because it is necessary for the economic development of the people. As a result, we can see lots of cities proliferating across the countries located in different continents. They are connected by broad roads crisscrossing the land,
however, increased modernization or in other words, urbanization entails own advantages and disadvantages. They are as follows:
Positive effects of modernization:
Enhanced medical facilities: The immediate impact of modernization is felt on the general health of the population. Due to the presence of hospitals and qualified doctors, medical help is away at an arm’s length for the people. Surgery and medicines available at the local hospital can treat patients suffering from varieties of diseases.
Smart cities: Modernization is responsible for creating smart cities wherein close circuit TV cameras are installed at every road intersection to monitor the traffic. They house educational institutions of higher learning that impart rational and scientific thinking. Students graduating from the universities and colleges participate in research and business to improve the quality of life of the people. Smart cities are equipped with modern transport system such as Metro trains carrying millions of passengers from one place to another. Efficiency is the concept used in enhancing the quality of the life of the citizens.
Quality of communication: Modernization has played an important role in the invention of the internet. People can communicate with each other through smartphones and tablets. They are able to access the website and gain information about the distant countries and tourist spots. Aviation technology has led to an increase in air travel with tourists flying from one continent to another. People engaged in manufacturing and services get employed in huge numbers.
Negative effects of modernization:
Change in culture: Increased modernization has led to the creation of new technologies that go a long way in changing the socio-economic structure of the society. People by nature tend to maintain the status quo which is challenged by the new generation. New ideas lead to a novel outlook on life however they are opposed by the traditionalists leading to conflict in the society.
Deforestation: Increased urbanization has led to the cutting of trees and forests resulting in the disappearance of the greenery. Wild animals are losing their habitats due to modernization as they attack humans encroaching into their areas. Balanced approach is the need of the hour or else the whole planet will become uninhabitable in the future
Pollution: Clearing of the forest has resulted in the loss of trees which in turn increased pollution level of the environment. Moreover, the setting up of manufacturing industries has worsened the problem. Countries have introduced legislations but they are not effectively implemented because of corruption and economic problems.
Income disparity: Modernization has led to a huge gap between haves and the have not’s. As a result, a certain section of the population is agitated with the economic policy of the governments leading to a rise in crime and the political movements.
Conclusion: Well as every coin has two sides everyone theory has two sides, and every living body has a Soul. Similar Modernization works both the ways. To attain equilibrium the should be two equal opposite work is to be done. Similarly Modernization has both positive and negative effects which will definitely disturb the normal life cycle and bring new challenges to face.